Tools Used in Craft Practice
Does the evolution of hand tools to modern, powered, or computer-based tools and technologies somehow vitiate or even negate the core concepts of "craft" production?
While the operative definition of "crafts" that is central to this overview is "Practices which employ manual dexterity and skill, and an understanding of traditional materials, designs and techniques to make or repair useful things," the emphasis on "manual dexterity and skill" may be qualified by historical and modern-era developments in the tools used by craft producers.
The concerns here are:
Hand tools — operated using the crafter's own muscle power (or that of a human assistant or apprentice, or the special application of horses for power) and controlled by direct manual skill — are of numerous types, e.g.: hammers, axes, chisels, hand-drills, needles, backstrap looms, potters' "kick-wheels," treadle or "Great Wheel" lathes, and many more.
For centuries in the pre-industrial eras, hand-powered tools were the only options for producers of crafted objects.
Nevertheless, improvements in hand- or human-powered machines came rapidly during the early years of the Industrial Revolution. For example, the earliest sewing machines of the late 18th century were tools used by specialized workers, such as leatherworkers or sail-makers; but by the mid-19th century, home use of sewing machines — still hand- or foot-powered — exploded, and for good reason: A sewing machine could produce a man's shirt in about one hour, compared to 14½ hours by hand.
How about THESE types of tools for creating "craft" products?